Original title: What are the "transcripts" to be handed over by the national park system pilot
China currently has 10 national park system pilots in 12 provinces including Qinghai, Jilin, and Hainan. The total pilot area is about 220,000 square kilometers, accounting for 2.3% of the land area.
From the Qilian Mountains to Hainan, from the Northeast tiger, leopard to giant pandas, 10 national park system pilots covering different natural environments and a variety of rare species are being promoted in 12 provinces including Qinghai, Jilin and Hainan. , Accounting for 2.3% of the land area.
On January 8th, the State Forestry and Grassland Bureau held a press conference to announce the pilot status of the national park system. At present, the pilot results of the national park system are becoming increasingly apparent.
1. Nature reserve becomes ecological business card
Sanjiangyuan National Park is located in Qinghai Province, including the Yangtze River Source, Yellow River Source, and Lancang River Source. This area of 123,100 square kilometers and an average elevation of 4,713.62 meters has a unique large-area wetland ecosystem in the world. Known as "Chinese Water Tower".
But many years ago, the ecological crisis such as grassland degradation and water cutoff faced by the "Chinese Water Tower" was a topic of great concern. According to Ren Yonglu, deputy director of Sanjiangyuan National Park Management Bureau, in implementing the pilot work, Sanjiangyuan National Park has explored and established a national park management system with full coverage of provinces, counties, and villages, and basically solved the problems of "Kowloon Water Control" and fragmentation of supervision and enforcement .
In order to do a good job of comprehensive ecological protection, the nature reserves, important wetlands and other protected areas within the national park have been reorganized to achieve overall protection, system restoration and integrated management.
In the exploration of the pilot work, Kekexili was successfully listed in the World Heritage List, becoming China's largest world natural heritage site, and becoming a veritable "ecological business card."
At present, the effectiveness of ecological protection and restoration in the pilot area of the Sanjiangyuan National Park system has become increasingly apparent, the environmental quality has continued to improve, and the ecological functions have been continuously strengthened. The average amount of water conservation has increased by more than 6%. the above.
2. Endangered wild species have habitat
The Hainan Tropical Rainforest National Park pilot area is located in the central mountainous region of Hainan Province, and is also the only habitat for the endemic species of Hainan gibbon in China. At the end of the 1970s, only 7-9 individuals of Hainan gibbon survived in Bawangling tropical rain forest. How to protect the tropical and endangered wild animal and plant resources has become the focus of the pilot work of Hainan Tropical Rain Forest National Park.
"The implementation of the Hainan Gibbon habitat restoration project from 2016 to 2019 has restored more than 2,000 acres of Hainan Gibbon habitat, and the Hainan Gibbon population has gradually grown to currently reach 4 groups of 30, showing a good momentum of continuous expansion." Hainan Tropical Rain Forest National Park Management Secretary of the Bureau Xia Fei told reporters.
According to reports, the Hainan Tropical Rain Forest National Park pilot will expedite the development of a systematic Hainan gibbon conservation special plan, build a protection team, improve and expand Bawangling gibbon habitat, and make full use of the advantages of the Hainan National Park Research Institute to attract domestic and foreign expert teams and scientific research. The institute participates in the protection of Hainan gibbon and vigorously organizes and implements the Hainan gibbon scientific research and protection project.
3. Harmony between man and nature
After the implementation of the national park system, how to achieve the integration of ecological protection and production guarantee, and how to make ecological welfare truly benefit the people?
In Sanjiangyuan National Park, herders have gradually changed from grassland users to ecological protectors. Through the development of ecological animal husbandry cooperatives, Sanjiangyuan National Park has boldly attempted to gradually shift pasture contracting operations to franchising. Encourage and guide herders to engage in park ecological experience, environmental education services, labor services for ecological protection engineering, and ecological monitoring, so that they can obtain stable long-term benefits in participating in ecological protection and park management.
At present, the park has fully realized "one household, one post", employing a total of 17,200 ecological management staff to hold a post, and the average annual income of households has increased by 21,600 yuan.
Hainan Province implemented a comprehensive ecological relocation of Daoyin and Pogao villages in Baisha County, which are located in the core area of Yinggeling National Nature Reserve, through state-owned land and collective land replacement, resettlement and employment, and merged into Yinpo. village.
People must be able to move and live, and be able to get rich. With the support of policies, Yinpo Village set up an agricultural cooperative to develop planting and other industries. While the local villagers have their own land income, they can also receive dividends from cooperatives, which truly realizes that the villagers live and work in peace and contentment. (Yao Yaqi)